LP Magazine

NOV-DEC 2018

LP magazine publishes articles for loss prevention, asset protection, and retail professionals covering shrinkage, investigations, shoplifting, internal theft, fraud, technology, best practices, and career development.

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24 NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 2018 | LOSSPREVENTIONMEDIA.COM Retail's Opportunity to Help Reduce Recidivism Why does the National Association for Shoplifting Prevention (NASP) talk so much about the retailers' need to reduce recidivism? This single goal—reducing recidivism (repeat offenses)—provides the necessary focus to strengthen responses to shoplifting by retailers, criminal justice, and in turn the wider community. Preventing the next offense not only is good business for retailers but also provides value to the entire community. Retailers taking a stance and maintaining focus on this one goal will ensure that their strategies and those of criminal justice will begin to reduce the shoplifting problem—and the safety concerns it creates—in a meaningful way. Just recently, a retailer shared this point of view. Every time there is an incident in his store, it creates a safety issue for his team, associates, customers, responders, and bystanders. If there is a repeat contact, that issue can easily escalate and become a greater liability for store and community alike. Therefore, he concluded, reducing recidivism has to be the primary goal and end result of any program that purports to address shoplifting. We agree. Can retailers really have an impact in reducing recidivism? Isn't it up to the criminal justice system? Retailers can not only have an impact but also, as the victim of the crime, be the driving force in the effort to address repeat offenses to improve safety throughout the community. Yes, reducing repeat offenses is an imperative of the criminal justice system and is arguably their primary purpose. But for retailers, preventing the next offense is just good business. If the goal is to empty the pond, then catch, warn, and release is not the answer. Ensuring substantive action to stop the next offense is the answer. In addition, while retailers have traditionally relied on criminal justice to do this, they can no longer do so since more and more offenders are neither reported to nor accepted by the system. Even if they do enter the system, far too many jurisdictions focus on moving cases along quickly rather than on preventing another offense. As the victim, retailers can press for action by criminal justice. Better yet, they can help jurisdictions in making programs available to offenders. Retailers can also explore the use of statutorily available programs like civil demand to make education available to offenders. (Retail AP teams are welcome to reach out and enlist the help of a NASP community coordinator in this effort.) What would you say to retailers dealing with the growing lack of police response to low-level offenses? Don't be too quick to throw in the towel and accept that the police are not going to respond. Do not accept that your only options are to send reports and hope for the best or give up and allow shoplifting to go unreported. As the victim of crime, not to mention a key constituent, retailers have a voice. They need to use it as a proactive and positive community partner so as not to risk tarnishing the brand. Use your voice to engender cooperation—to share the burden and offer up resources to help police create, for example, a conditional citation program rather than accepting the futility of cite and release. Or reach out to prosecutors to ensure their diversion programs include proven-effective education and sanctions. Set the bar high for communities in terms of education and recidivism but be a partner in achieving the collective goal. What about the many programs proposed by police and law enforcement who want to reduce the patrol hours spent responding to shoplifting? Such as the many "cite and release" programs? Unfortunately, in most cases, it is nothing more than a get out of jail free card—akin to a speeding ticket but without the fine—unless the police are issuing a conditional citation. A conditional cite and release program gives the offender a fixed period to complete the educational and other conditions set forth by the police (not the retailer) to avoid formal prosecution. With the proper education in place, conditional cite and release can be very successful in reducing the number of cases that end up in court as well as reducing repeat offenses, both of which represent cost savings for retailer and community. However, if it is just a catch, cite, and release without fixed sanctions, pass on it. A variation on cite and release are programs that provide for the electronic and remote filing of case reports. These eliminate the police need to respond to calls for service, but again, retailers should be sure to have visibility to both the handling and outcomes of cases. What are the criteria for prosecution? Better yet, is there a police-owned diversion program in place, which includes an effective mechanism to reduce recidivism and handle cases that do not meet ASK THE EXPERT Interview with Barbara Staib Staib began her career in sales and marketing before joining NASP more than eighteen years ago. As director of communications, Staib serves as a public champion of the retail loss prevention industry, an advocate of education to reduce offender recidivism, and an activist in retail and criminal justice cooperation to save resources and reduce the liability, cost, and criminal escalation of repeat offenders. She can be reached at bcstaib@ shopliftingprevention.org. If the goal is to empty the pond, then catch, warn, and release is not the answer. Ensuring substantive action to stop the next offense is the answer.

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